Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial plaque that forms on teeth. The bacterial plaque will irritate gums, causing them to become red, tender, and swollen. If not removed, plaque hardens to form tartar. Over time, the tissue that attaches the gums to the teeth is destroyed and the gums pull away from the teeth. Small pockets form between the teeth and gums and fill with more plaque. Eventually, the jawbone supporting the teeth is destroyed.
Periodontal disease is usually painless so most adults are unaware they have it. But if you are diagnosed early, your teeth can be saved.
Other cofactors of periodontal disease are smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, improper use of dental floss and toothpicks, genetics, improper bite pattern, grinding and clenching your teeth an unbalanced diet, vitamin C deficiency, pregnancy, and certain medications. Warning signs to look out for are gums that bleed when you brush your teeth, red, swollen or receding gums, pus between teeth, loose teeth, bad breath, and a change in your bite or the way your partial dentures fit.
The type of treatment required depends on the stage of gum disease development. Your periodontist in Austin will conduct a thorough evaluation to determine the level of disease. In the early stages of periodontitis, your periodontist will recommend professional cleanings on a timely basis and will give instructions for daily brushing and flossing. When gum disease is more serious, your periodontist will recommend a more surgically-based technique or a laser-based technique to address the diseased gum and affected bone. Surgically-based techniques will be aimed at either reshaping and redesigning of the bone and gum tissue or at regenerating the lost bone. Your periodontist will discuss with you which treatment options are indicated for your individual concerns and/or goals. Tooth loss will occur if the disease process has progressed too much or if a person elects to not have periodontal disease treatment. If a tooth is lost, your periodontist and restorative periodontist can discuss options for replacing them.
People usually don`t show signs of gum disease until they are in their 30s or 40s. Men are more likely to have periodontal disease than women. Although teenagers rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease. Most commonly, gum disease develops when plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line.
Plaque is the main culprit for causing gum disease and tooth loss. Professional dental cleaning will help you remove all types of food particles, plaque, and tartar. If the plaque is spread everywhere between teeth and gums, then it requires a deep cleaning to remove it. Otherwise, it will lead to tooth loss and severe periodontal problems over a period of time. Removal of plaque is important because plaque increases the chances of bacteria around it and these bacteria releases toxic acids which will irritate the gums.
The dentist uses a special tool to clean of plaque and tartar, which will improve your oral health and prevents from gum disease. If the teeth are misaligned, removal of plaque and tartar will be difficult to clean inside areas of your teeth. In order to avoid gum related problems, brush twice a day, floss and clean your tongue regularly. This will help you maintain good oral hygiene and visiting professional dental cleaning regularly every 6 months can be identified as gum disease at the earlier stage. The purpose of gum care and teeth care are necessary for everyone to improve their oral health condition.Gum Disease Care and Surgery at Austin TX
Gum Disease is caused by bacterial infection and affects the gum tissue in form of inflammation, swelling, redness and leads to tooth loss. In order to avoid these gum problems, the dentist recommends gum surgery in case of severe periodontal gum problem. We already know that plaque is the main cause of the gum-related problem; if the teeth are not cleaned properly then it may lead to gingivitis (An Early form of gum disease). So, if the disease is left untreated, the plaque is not removed, not maintaining regular oral hygiene care then the gingivitis will turn into the serious periodontal disease (an advanced stage of gum disease).
Gum Surgery will help to cure advanced periodontal problems and prevents tooth loss. There are 3 most common types of gum surgery to cure a periodontal disease that is:-
Root Planning and Scaling - Root planing and scaling are a non- surgical periodontal therapy and it is also called a deep cleaning procedure. In this procedure, dentist thoroughly scaling all the plaque, bacteria toxic acids, hard tartar from a root of teeth and then smoothes the rough surface of your teeth. The smoothening rough surface of your teeth keeps away bacteria, plaque and food debris around the gumline. This will help gums to heal properly and stabilize the teeth structure.
Gum tissue Grafting - Gum tissue grafting is a technique to treat receding gums or root teeth exposure. During this method, a flap of tissue is cut from a roof of the mouth or around the gums line and connected to receding gums. This technique is more popular because people with periodontal disease may have lost the gums and looks very thin. By doing this method, the receding gums can be prevented with help of additional gum tissue removed above the surface and reattached to a thin area of gum line to stabilize the teeth.
Gums Pocket Reduction - This method requires a surgical procedure to treat problems of gum receding pockets using local anesthesia. First, the dentist identifies the infected gum area and cuts the small portion of the gum line to remove the bacteria. To remove the bacteria, the gum is folded back and cleaned the area properly in order to prevent bacteria growing inside the gum tissue. After thoroughly cleaning the infected area, the dentist secures gum back to prevent receding in future.
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